How Jabuticaba Contributes To Glowing Skin

  • Zaynab Karim BS Biochemistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK

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Introduction

Jabuticaba is a popular fruit eaten in South America, particularly Brazil, rich in antioxidants.1 Unfortunately, as they have a short shelf life, they begin to ferment 3 to 4 days after being picked, therefore they are unable to be exported around the world and thus are unknown to others. They are found on the tree trunk and can be harvested 6 to 8 years after planting. The key to healthy, glowing skin is to consume foods that protect the skin against UV damage and dehydration.2 These foods should also contain vitamins A, C, and E, selenium, zinc, copper, silicon, polyphenols, carotenoids, and omega-3s. Jabuticaba is seen to contain most of these and is beneficial for the elasticity of the skin. This article will explain in depth how Jabuticaba affects the skin directly.

Nutritional benefits

The benefits of Jabuticaba are versatile. For every 100g of the fruit, the following nutritional composition is being consumed3

  • 87.1 g Water
  • 0.11-0.32 g Protein
  • 6.3-7.6 mg Calcium
  • 9.2-34.6 mg Phosphorus
  • 0.49-0.87 mg Iron
  • 13.2 mg Potassium
  • 0.04 mg Vitamin B1
  • 0.09 mg Vitamin B2
  • 0.08 mg Fibre
  • 0.02 mg Riboflavin 
  • 1.0 mg Tryptophan
  • 7.0 mg Lysine
  • 17.7-238 mg Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C)
  • 58.1-315 mg Anthocyanins
  • 460.9 mg Phenolics
  • 0.32 mg Carotenoids

The above list shows Jabuticaba is packed with antioxidants such as potassium4, Vitamin B15, Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin),6 fiber,7 tryptophan,8 Vitamin C,9 anthocyanins,10 phenolics11 and carotenoids.12 The skin continuously produces highly reactive molecules, called free radicals, which damage the skin, cause aging, and reduce the quality of the skin.13 The role of antioxidants is to prevent these free radicals from reacting and causing harm to the skin.  

One of the most prominent antioxidants present is Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid. This vitamin plays an important role in skin health and the amount present in 100g of Jabuticaba exceeds the recommended daily amount needed for men or women.14 Oranges, the most well-known source of Vitamin C, contain 59.1mg of this vitamin, indicating that Jabuticaba is more beneficial in comparison.15

Collagen production

 Collagen is a protein present within our tissues, specifically in the skin, hair, nails, and bones.16 It works with components such as hyaluronic acid and elastin (a protein in the body) to provide the skin with elasticity, moisture, and volume.17 The body naturally produces collagen but factors such as sun damage, aging, alcohol, and smoking decrease collagen production. Collagen can be added to your every-day skincare routine, or it can be consumed from the following food18

  • Beef bone broth
  • Skin-on chicken
  • Sardines
  • Organ meats
  • Berries
  • Broccoli
  • Aloe Vera

Within Jabuticaba, Vitamin C is the driving factor which promotes collagen. The consumption of this boosts hyaluronic acid levels which in turn produces collagen.19 

Anti-inflammatory properties

 Skin inflammation, also known as dermatitis, is the swelling or irritation of the skin.20 This produces symptoms such as

  • Redness
  • Itching
  • Rashes
  • Blisters
  • Pain

There are a range of reasons this can occur which include

  • Irritants- such as strong acids
  • Allergens- this could be from food, medications, and cosmetics
  • Autoimmune conditions- this is when the immune system identifies normal skin cells as foreign and attacks them
  • Skin conditions such as
  • Eczema
  • Acne
  • Psoriasis
  • Rosacea
  • Infections
  • Insect bites

Skin conditions can directly impact an individual’s quality of life, as it causes discomfort and may lead to problems in confidence.

Jabuticaba contains anti-inflammatory properties which can reduce inflammation. Anthocyanins, a component in the fruit, are responsible for the anti-inflammatory properties of Jabuticaba.21 This substance can control the copying of DNA, cell survival, and the cells in the immune system, which overall affect inflammation.  

Hydration and skin moisture

 Water is a vital part of the body and is needed for the regular functioning of the organs, including the skin. The skin is consistently exposed to toxins, and if a lack of water is consumed the skin can turn oily leading to skin that is more prone to pimples.22 Hydrated skin is thus important as it improves the skin's elasticity, reducing wrinkles, while dehydrated skin is prone to UV damage, which can also invoke the appearance of fine lines.

Foods that are high in water content can keep the skin hydrated. This includes Jabuticaba, a fruit that contains 87.1 g of water. In comparison to cucumber, the food with the highest water content with 95.9 g of water per 100g,23 Jabuticaba nearly matches the water content of this making it a good source of hydration.

Incorporating jabuticaba into a routine

 This versatile fruit can be consumed in various ways, this can include

  • Eating the fruit as it is- it is quite common to eat this fruit directly due to its sweet and acidic taste
  • Smoothie- put these in your smoothies with other fruits and vegetables to enjoy its benefits 
  • Pancakes or waffles- these go great in any batter or even as a topping
  • Jam- this is the most common way this fruit is enjoyed. Due to its short shelf-life the locals preserve it in the form of jams in order to increase its shelf-life and enjoy it for longer
  • Yoghurt- this is a great option for a snack or breakfast on the go, simply use this fruit as a topping
  • Mocktails- incorporate Jabuticaba into your drinks and serve with mint for a sweet, fresh taste
  • Fruit salad- this is a great way to include a range of fruits in your diet, while also reaping the benefits of Jabuticaba
  • Ice cubes- this fruit can be frozen in water and used in any drink as normal ice, a great way to cool down
  • Cereal or porridge- this fruit can be used as a simple topping to start off the day
  • Muffins- this is a great way to incorporate Jabuticaba into your daily treats
  • Jelly- this is another common way the locals are able to consume this superfood and can be put in water, fruit salads and much more

Jabuticaba can be incorporated into your diet easily, but it can also be added into your skincare routine. Some products contain extracts of these which can also allow the skin to possess a glowing complexion. 

Precautions and considerations

While this fruit is low risk, some individuals may suffer from an allergic reaction. This can cause a variety of symptoms such as24,25

  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Pain around the cheeks, eyes, or forehead
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Breathlessness
  • Rashes
  • Diarrhoea
  • Feeling sick
  • Swollen eyes, lips, mouth, or throat

There are also some other risks when consuming Jabuticaba such as

  • It may interact with medications such as blood thinners and cause allergic reactions
  • It may interact with supplements such as iron, causing vomiting or an upset stomach
  • It can increase blood pressure

If you are concerned about any of these factors or experience them, please consult your doctor immediately.

Summary

 In conclusion, Jabuticaba, a cherished South American fruit, found specifically in Brazil, holds many valuable properties, such as antioxidants crucial for skin vitality. Despite its limited global reach due to its short shelf-life, its nutritional composition makes it a treasure for skincare. Packed with hydration, vitamins, and antioxidants, Jabuticaba fosters collagen production, key for elasticity. Anthocyanins, present in the fruit, provide anti-inflammatory benefits, which fight against skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis. With a high water content, Jabuticaba aids skin hydration, reducing the likelihood of oiliness and UV damage, thus reducing the risk of pimples. From jams to skin care products, Jabuticaba can integrate into your routine easily and in all aspects of life. While generally low-risk, potential allergies and medication interactions need to be observed. Jabuticaba is not only a sweet treat but also promotes radiant and healthy skin.

References

  1. @NatGeoUK. National Geographic. 2020 [cited 2024 Jan 11]. What are jabuticaba berries? Six things you need to know. Available from: https://www.nationalgeographic.co.uk/travel/2020/10/what-are-jabuticaba-berries-six-things-you-need-to-know
  2. Michalak M, Pierzak M, Kręcisz B, Suliga E. Bioactive compounds for skin health: a review. Nutrients [Internet]. 2021 Jan 12 [cited 2024 Jan 11];13(1):203. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7827176/
  3. Wu SB, Long C, Kennelly EJ. Phytochemistry and health benefits of jaboticaba, an emerging fruit crop from Brazil. Food Research International [Internet]. 2013 Nov 1 [cited 2024 Jan 11];54(1):148–59. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0963996913003487 
  4. Ando K, Matsui H, Fujita M, Fujita T. Protective effect of dietary potassium against cardiovascular damage in salt-sensitive hypertension: possible role of its antioxidant action. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2010 Jan;8(1):59–63.
  5. Mrowicka M, Mrowicki J, Dragan G, Majsterek I. The importance of thiamine (Vitamin b1) in humans. Biosci Rep [Internet]. 2023 Oct 10 [cited 2024 Jan 12];43(10):BSR20230374. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10568373/
  6. Ashoori M, Saedisomeolia A. Riboflavin (Vitamin b₂) and oxidative stress: a review. Br J Nutr. 2014 Jun 14;111(11):1985–91.
  7. Mézes M, Erdélyi M. [Antioxidant effect of the fibre content of foods]. Orv Hetil. 2018 May;159(18):709–12.
  8. Xu K, Liu G, Fu C. The tryptophan pathway targeting antioxidant capacity in the placenta. Oxid Med Cell Longev [Internet]. 2018 Jul 22 [cited 2024 Jan 12];2018:1054797. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6081554/
  9. Beyer RE. The role of ascorbate in antioxidant protection of biomembranes: interaction with vitamin E and coenzyme Q. J Bioenerg Biomembr. 1994 Aug;26(4):349–58.
  10. Tena N, Martín J, Asuero AG. State of the art of anthocyanins: antioxidant activity, sources, bioavailability, and therapeutic effect in human health. Antioxidants (Basel) [Internet]. 2020 May 23 [cited 2024 Jan 12];9(5):451. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7278599/
  11. Zeb A. Concept, mechanism, and applications of phenolic antioxidants in foods. J Food Biochem. 2020 Sep;44(9):e13394.
  12. Fiedor J, Burda K. Potential role of carotenoids as antioxidants in human health and disease. Nutrients [Internet]. 2014 Jan 27 [cited 2024 Jan 12];6(2):466–88. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3942711/
  13. Addor FAS. Antioxidants in dermatology. An Bras Dermatol [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2024 Jan 12];92(3):356–62. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5514576/
  14. Mayo Clinic [Internet]. [cited 2024 Jan 12]. How much vitamin C is too much? Available from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/expert-answers/vitamin-c/faq-20058030
  15. Fooddata central [Internet]. [cited 2024 Jan 12]. Available from: https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/746771/nutrients
  16. MD PP, MD MMS. Harvard Health. 2023 [cited 2024 Jan 12]. Considering collagen drinks and supplements? Available from: https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/considering-collagen-drinks-and-supplements-202304122911
  17. Al-Atif H. Collagen supplements for aging and wrinkles: a paradigm shift in the fields of dermatology and cosmetics. Dermatol Pract Concept [Internet]. 2022 Jan 1 [cited 2024 Jan 12];12(1):e2022018. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8824545/
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  22. Cleveland Clinic [Internet]. [cited 2024 Jan 12]. Are there any health benefits to drinking a gallon of water a day? Available from: https://health.clevelandclinic.org/are-there-any-health-benefits-to-drinking-a-gallon-of-water-a-day
  23. Fooddata central [Internet]. [cited 2024 Jan 12]. Available from: https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/2346406/nutrients
  24. Jaboticaba [Internet]. [cited 2024 Jan 12]. Available from: https://cms.ctahr.hawaii.edu/uhmgpd/Diagnose/Fruits/Jaboticaba
  25. Jabuticaba dietary supplements: benefits and safety tips for a healthy diet [Internet]. [cited 2024 Jan 12]. Available from: https://www.digicomply.com/dietary-supplements-database/jabuticaba 

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This content is purely informational and isn’t medical guidance. It shouldn’t replace professional medical counsel. Always consult your physician regarding treatment risks and benefits. See our editorial standards for more details.

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Zaynab Karim

BS Biochemistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK

Zaynab, a biochemistry graduate, possesses a robust background in writing and presenting information for the lay audience. With previous experience in crafting articles, she enthusiastically explores the captivating realm of medical writing.

my.klarity.health presents all health information in line with our terms and conditions. It is essential to understand that the medical information available on our platform is not intended to substitute the relationship between a patient and their physician or doctor, as well as any medical guidance they offer. Always consult with a healthcare professional before making any decisions based on the information found on our website.
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