Skin Rejuvenation With Pomegranate Nutrients

  • Yujin Wang Master of Science – BSc, University of Sheffield, England
  • Irenosen AddehMaster of Science (MSc), Public Health, University of Debrecen, Hungary

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Introduction

Who does not want to look younger than their peers? A healthy and rejuvenated skin usually leaves other people with a good impression, potentially benefiting your social connection and broadening your partnership to bring more business opportunities. Because clear and healthy skin is always related to your overall appearance, it also shows others you have a positive living attitude and the ability to take care of yourself.

Therefore, skin health and rejuvenation are essential to people’s social confidence and possibly improve their quality of life. Interestingly, in Chinese medical theory, healthy and rejuvenated skin reflects good renal (kidney), liver and stomach conditions.

Nowadays, many people can rejuvenate their skin with the help of technology interventions; however, it may cost a lot, and they may suffer a specific recovery time. Furthermore, more than relying on technology interventions is needed; it is more important to care for your skin daily. Daily care is not only the external use of cream or moisture; it also includes food or diet you take inside your body. So, is there any food or fruit that can benefit your skin?

Nutritional composition of pomegranate

Pomegranate is known for its anti-ageing efficacy. It contains good antioxidants that can help protect the skin from oxidative stress response2, delaying the onset of premature skin ageing.

Pomegranate also contains ellagic acid, which can stimulate and promote collagen production3 that keeps your skin firm and helps to fight the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.

In addition, the anthocyanins contained in pomegranate juice can enhance skin protection against ultra-light (UV) damage.4 Punicalagin in the pomegranate has an anti-inflammatory effect that strengthens the skin barrier and improves redness and swelling. 

Benefits for the skin

Did you know that pomegranate was imported from ancient Egypt to Europe during 1600 BC for medical use? Initially, it was a treatment for digestive disorders and gastrointestinal issues. Along with the unceasing progress of medicine, people have found that pomegranate has valuable benefits for managing skin health.

The role of antioxidants in skin rejuvenation

Pomegranate is rich in vitamin C, ellagic acid, and anthocyanins. They are a significant source of antioxidants. These antioxidants coordinate with each other to help the skin avoid free radical damage, one of the primary triggers of skin ageing. They are also the sources of sun protective compounds in pomegranate, potentially preventing skin from sunburns and reducing sun damage and the risk of skin cancer. Plus, vitamin C brightens the skin, which can benefit dark spots and even the skin tone.

Collagen production and skin elasticity

Pomegranate is packed with punicalagin, ellagic acid, polyphenols and minerals. These nutrients play an essential role in pomegranate's promotion of collagen synthesis, maintaining skin elasticity, and reducing the appearance of wrinkles.6 Collagen is a protein that supports the structure and elasticity of the skin, and its production declines as age increases.

A recent study published in Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering3 shows that ellagic acid is associated with collagen production on the skin's basement membrane, essential for maintaining skin elasticity and firmness. Moreover, punicalagins in pomegranate juice have also been shown to promote collagen production. So, the nutrition in the pomegranate helps improve skin texture, ease wrinkles, and strengthen skin barriers.

Anti-inflammatory effects

Various studies have shown that pomegranate can reduce skin problems such as acne and redness because of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Antioxidants that help to combat acne. Punicalagins benefit the skin by reducing the itchy, flaky skin caused by skin inflammation. A study experiment proved that natural pomegranate juice has potent anti-inflammatory effects when taking pomegranate juice twice a day (250 ml × 2) for 15 days.7

Protection against UV damage

UV damage is the primary factor in skin ageing. Remember to protect your skin when you are enjoying a sunbath. Drinking pomegranate juice or adding pomegranate extract to your skincare products will help your skin fight free radicals caused by sun exposure.

Skin hydration and moisture retention

Pomegranate juice is a perfect natural source of hydration, protecting your skin with moisturiser. Its collagen production properties on the skin's basement membrane help build a healthy skin barrier. It acts like a natural locker to prevent moisture loss. 

Application of pomegranates in skincare 

Now, apply these fantastic benefits of pomegranates to your daily skincare routine. Pomegranate used in skincare usually derives extracts from its seeds. These skincare products containing pomegranate extracts help to boost your skin health.

Don’t worry, here are some ideas for using pomegranates in your skincare:

Pomegranate seeds powder

You can get pomegranate seed powder in a shop or make it yourself! But make sure to dry the seeds properly before grinding them. If you can grind coffee, you can grind the pomegranate seeds! Choose whichever carrier oil you like, grape seed oil or sweet almond oil, and mix it with pomegranate seed powder added with water to make a mask that helps the skin rejuvenate.

Pomegranate serums

Pomegranate serums contain macromolecule extracts, which are more easily absorbed by the skin. Use them after cleansing before applying any moisturising.

Pomegranate essential oil

The essential oils in the pomegranate contain more effective prosperities than the extracts. Most products are diluted with carrier oils or combined with other essential oils to increase their potency.

Oral supplements

If you prefer to take pomegranate orally, fresh pomegranate juice is the best choice. But if you need more effective products, you can choose either tablets or capsules that contain pomegranate extracts in shops or pharmacies. These supplements are rich in antioxidants and anti-ageing properties and aim to neutralise and fight free radicals in your body.

Any concerns about using pomegranates

By reading here, you have learned the fantastic benefits of pomegranates, but you may also want to know the disadvantages. If you must pick a bone in an egg, pomegranate root, stem, and peel may be unsafe when consumed in large amounts. But I am sure you will only try these parts of pomegranate occasionally. To be honest, although pomegranate tastes sweet and friendly, you feel that the fresh pomegranate is challenging to peel.

Pomegranates are safe to use unless you are allergic to them. But if you are unsure or have any symptoms after using pomegranate products, it's always best to consult a dermatologist before applying them to your skin.

Other lifestyle factors for skin rejuvenation

However, no matter how much benefit that pomegranate can bring your skin, take notice of the role of your diet in skincare. A balanced diet is more important to your general health. Pomegranate cannot replace other fruits on your table.

Skin rejuvenation also depends on different factors, such as your natural genes, hormone level, and living environment. It could be hard to change the extrinsic factors, but you can adjust your lifestyle to help achieve your skin health.9 For example, regular exercise can also promote metabolism and skin cell generation. Furthermore, good physical sun protection is the most direct and effective way to help your skin avoid sun damage.

FAQs

Can pomegranate improve your skin?

Of course, pomegranate is known for improving skin appearance, teaching wrinkle development, and strengthening the skin barrier. It contains a heavy amount of antioxidants that can promote overall skin health.

How can you use pomegranate for skin improvement?

There are various ways to incorporate pomegranate into your usual skincare. You can choose either serum or essential oil that better suits your skin type. Alternatively, you can make your own DIY masks. In addition, adding pomegranate to your regular diet is also a good choice.

Can pomegranates remove dark spots?

It may take time to see the benefits. Vitamin C in pomegranates can help lighten dark spots caused by UV light exposure, and it can be used in professional skincare products.

Summary

Pomegranate is a valuable fruit with plenty of antioxidants and anti-ageing properties, critical to skin health and rejuvenation. These nutrients work together to protect the skin against the significant factor of skin ageing: free radicals. Pomegranate juice and extracts can promote collagen production, providing skin structures and elasticity.

The high volume of vitamin C also improves the skin's brightness and tone. The incredible health benefits of pomegranates are attributed to their potent anti-inflammatory antioxidant effects. Using pomegranate extracts effectively combat acne, detoxify the system, lessen wrinkles, and improve skin conditions. Your skin can benefit from pomegranate through either topical products or oral supplements.

References

  1. Zhang R, Nie Y, Wang Y, Zhai X, Zhu J, Duan Y. Effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine preparations for facial seborrheic dermatitis: case reports. Heliyon [Internet]. Elsevier; 2022 [cited 2024 Jan 11]; 8(12):e12338. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36582725/
  2. Addor FAS. Antioxidants in dermatology. An Bras Dermatol [Internet]. Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia; 2017 [cited 2024 Jan 11]; 92(3):356. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29186248/
  3. Duckworth C, Stutts J, Clatterbuck K, Nosoudi N. Effect of ellagic acid and retinoic acid on collagen and elastin production by human dermal fibroblasts. Biomed Mater Eng [Internet]. Biomed Mater Eng; 2023 [cited 2024 Jan 11]; 34(5):473–80. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37005874/.
  4. Henning SM, Yang J, Lee RP, Huang J, Hsu M, Thames G, et al. Pomegranate Juice and Extract Consumption Increases the Resistance to UVB-induced Erythema and Changes the Skin Microbiome in Healthy Women: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Sci Rep [Internet]. Nature Publishing Group; 2019 [cited 2024 Jan 11]; 9(1). Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31601842/
  5. Godic A, Poljšak B, Adamic M, Dahmane R. The role of antioxidants in skin cancer prevention and treatment. Oxid Med Cell Longev [Internet]. Oxid Med Cell Longev; 2014 [cited 2024 Jan 11]; 2014. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24790705/.
  6. Aslam MN, Lansky EP, Varani J. Pomegranate as a cosmeceutical source: pomegranate fractions promote proliferation and procollagen synthesis and inhibit matrix metalloproteinase-1 production in human skin cells. J Ethnopharmacol [Internet]. J Ethnopharmacol; 2006 [cited 2024 Jan 11]; 103(3):311–8. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16221534/.
  7. Achraf A, Hamdi C, Turki M, Abdelkarim O, Ayadi F, Hoekelmann A, et al. Natural pomegranate juice reduces inflammation muscle damage and increases platelet blood levels in active, healthy Tunisian-aged men. Alexandria Journal of Medicine [Internet]. Informa UK Limited; 2018 [cited 2024 Jan 11]; 54(1):45–8. Available from: https://www.ajol.info/index.php/bafm/article/view/169944.
  8. Patel C, Dadhaniya P, Hingorani L, Soni MG. Safety assessment of pomegranate fruit extract: acute and subchronic toxicity studies. Food Chem Toxicol [Internet]. Food Chem Toxicol; 2008 [cited 2024 Jan 11]; 46(8):2728–35. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18571823/.
  9. Knaggs H, Lephart ED. Enhancing Skin Anti-Aging through Healthy Lifestyle Factors. Cosmetics 2023, Vol. 10, Page 142 [Internet]. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute; 2023 [cited 2024 Jan 11]; 10(5):142. Available from: https://www.mdpi.com/2079-9284/10/5/142/htm.

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This content is purely informational and isn’t medical guidance. It shouldn’t replace professional medical counsel. Always consult your physician regarding treatment risks and benefits. See our editorial standards for more details.

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Yujin Wang

Master of Science – MSc, University of Sheffield, England

Yujin is a first-year master’s student in Health Technology Assessment and Reimbursement. She has several years of experience in medical and health reimbursement in public sectors. She is passionate in health related research and health promotions.

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