How To Keep From Vomiting

  • Mary Komolafe Bachelor of Applied Science - BASc, Biochemistry, Ondo state university

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What is nausea?

Nausea is what most address as vomiting, but feeling nauseous doesn’t necessarily mean you vomit.

Nausea is a sensation that makes the person feel the need to vomit but not all the time, being often misunderstood as the same though its symptoms are alike. It could vary from motion sickness, surgery (cancer treatments), or the aftermath of the post-surgery. 

Nausea and vomiting can be caused by various other things. If it persists afterwards, then it’s advised to see a doctor.

In known cases of diabetes, pregnancy, and certain diseases, vomiting is common. If you have tried all the following suggestions and you still feel nauseous, then you should speak to your healthcare provider.

DIABETES: Persons with diabetes may develop nausea due to gastroparesis, a condition in which the stomach fails to empty properly due to the failure of the nerves in the body to send proper signals to and from the brain.

DISEASES: Many illnesses are associated with the abdominal organs; these digestive organ diseases include:

  • Hepatitis
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Kidney diseases
  • Appendicitis
  • Pancreatitis

Eating disorder: Patients with bulimia (will have self-induced vomiting or purging as part of a serious eating disorder marked by bingeing, followed by methods to avoid weight gain.

Nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are not diseases but are symptoms of many different conditions, such as food poisoning, overeating, blocked intestine, and brain injury. This can occur as a result of serious diseases such as heart attack, central nervous system disorders, brain tumours and some forms of cancer.

People who are undergoing cancer treatments (chemotherapy, radiation therapy) are more likely to have nausea, as well as pregnant women in their first trimester.

Estimation says that 50-90% experience nausea while 25-55% experience vomiting.

Dry heaving (etching) is an episode in which the body wants to vomit, but there is no food in the stomach to vomit.

Vomiting is the violent act in which the stomach (through the oesophagus) forcibly expels all its contents.

What causes nausea and vomiting?

Possible causes of nausea and vomiting can be caused by a variety of things ranging from minute reasons to commonly observed causes; we get to know if there is a need to visit a Mayo Clinic or a healthcare service provider.

  • Eating Disorders/Food poisoning
  • Viruses such as Infections/Flu (NOROVIRUS)
  • Acid Reflux
  • Early Pregnancy (morning sickness): when nausea becomes severe at this stage, it’s called hyperemesis gravidarum.
  • Hormonal contraceptives
  • Side effects from medications
  • Neurological conditions (Migraine, haemorrhage, head trauma, meningitis)
  • Anxiety and emotional stress
  • Alcohol, smoking and NSAIDs (such as ibuprofen) 
  • Medication side effects (Antibiotics, OTC drugs like aspirin, and ibuprofen)
  • Post medicals (surgery)
  • Labyrinthitis, Meniere’s disease
  • Motion sickness and sea sickness
  • Certain smells and sounds.

What does blood in vomit mean?

A little blood in your spit while brushing your mouth or a regular blood swallowed or a bitten tongue or mouth injury isn't the same as the term HEMATEMESIS.

It is such a large term to describe these simple terms.

Blood clots found in vomit often need to be taken more seriously. The attention of a healthcare service provider could be called to notice as blood when vomiting can occur as a result of various things.

Blood in your vomit is never normal; a small amount of blood should be a reason to seek medical attention. 

It's important to identify the cause of the blood in the vomit (hematemesis). A range of medical conditions can lead to this.

  • Benign tumours of the stomach
  • Stomach ulcer
  • Defects in the blood vessels of the GI tract
  • Mallory - Weiss tear
  • GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux disease)
  • Less common causes: Stomach cancer, Oesophagus cancer, swallowing poison, anaemia, haemophilia, radiation exposure.     

Scary words, but they are clearly and detailed explained in the articles.

Highly medical terms. Look up for more understanding of these terms.

How to keep from vomiting

You want to keep yourself from vomiting or a loved one.

Vomiting can be prevented by observing a few steps and paying adequate attention when you feel nauseated; the following can be done to help when nausea kicks in.

Vomiting can be prevented by consuming small amounts of clear, sweetened liquids such as fruit juices and soda. 

Drinks with sugar help to calm an upset stomach better than other liquids.

Do rest after eating and keep your head elevated.

Kids should limit the number of sweet snacks they take alongside regular soda.

Encourage them to rest while eating.

Activity may worsen the nausea and lead to vomiting.


Here are a few medications that are safe for use when you are vomiting. The following could be used in the treatment or to stop you from puking.

Medicines for nausea are usually only prescribed once your doctor is sure of what you are feeling of sickness.

  • Benadryl allergy
  • Antinaus 50
  • Vitamin B6
  • Bonine
  • Lorazepam
  • Antivert
  • Dramamine
  • Reglan
  • Promethazine
  • Zofran
  • Domperidone
  • Nabilone suitable for chemotherapy (cancer treatment)
  • Ondansetron.       

To know more about these medications, check out: https://

Natural remedies

Here are some natural remedies that are available at your home in order to get rid of the vomiting and to get instant relief.

  • Ginger supplements
  • Fennel seeds
  • Cloves
  • Lemonade
  • Coffee
  • Bananas
  • Avocado
  • Oatmeal
  • Green Tea


Apart from feeling awful, everyone wants to find a way to treat oneself quickly, and good medicines are required to prevent vomiting alongside other ways of handling nausea and vomiting.

  1. Dehydration:  Dehydration when you are vomiting is the first thing that should be avoided. Enough water is needed to help you. You need enough fluids to help prevent vomiting. Drink clear or ice-cold drinks.
  2. Eat light, bland foods such as (saltine crackers or plain bread)
  3. Drink beverages slowly
  4. Do not mix cold and hot foods
  5. Drink  ginger and honey
  6. Use the required medications suggested by the medical service provider.
  7. Avoid solid food until the vomiting episode stops.
  8. Seek medical attention from the right service providers and take deep breaths.

Home remedies for children

Are you worried about your child feeling unwell or upset stomach? Just like the home remedies and treatments that have been listed above, To treat a child who has stomach pain and is vomiting, you can take them to healthcare providers.

Vomiting in children can usually be attributed to something else when they have severe nausea, abstinence from solid foods for the next 24 hours and ensuring they have small amounts of electrolytes. They seek the help of a healthcare provider to ascertain which solution is needed.

According to

  1. ORS for Babies: about a tablespoon (1 tbsp) of ORS every 15- 20 minutes shorter but more frequent breastfeeding.

ORS for Kids: 1-2 tablespoons (tbsp) every 15 minutes of ORS, ice chips,flat ginger or lemon-lime soda, Ice pops or diluted juice.

You can make a remedy mix of ORS (Oral Electrolyte Solution):

  1. One-quarter of the water
  2. Two tablespoons of sugar
  3. One teaspoon of salt
  4. Give one teaspoon every 2 minutes for the first hour.
  5. Give three to four tablespoons every 15 - 20 minutes during the next hour
  6. Gradually increase the amount as tolerated.

Other home remedies for children

  1. Try ginger juice and honey.
  2. Try mint juice
  3. Cardamom seed
  4. A mixture of onion and ginger juice
  5. Fennel seeds
  6. Try ice chips, sips of water, sports drinks, or oral rehydration solutions like CeraLyte, Enfalyte, or Pedialyte.      

  REFERENCE 1 According to, the home remedies for children are as seen above.

 REFERENCE 2,3 Above are home remedies suitable for children;

According to

According to

Tips for alcohol-related vomiting

What does it feel like when you want to stop vomiting from a random alcohol consumption but can't? Ad a late-night party, and you have a class to catch up, but alcohol isn't letting you attend classes?

How do we ensure healthy living when there is no healthcare provider around to help relieve the stomach cramps aftermath while vomiting? There could be a form of alcohol poisoning, which could lead to vomiting of blood and torn tissue. 

According to

How to stop throwing up after drinking alcohol

  • Drinking clear liquids and consuming fruits like watermelon orange to rehydrate the body
  • Eat something to raise your blood sugar,
  • Eating bland food with complex carbohydrates.
  • Avoid dehydration and keep drinking water.
  • Take deep breaths and rest properly.

When to see a doctor?

 Throwing up can be seen as normal, but after various situations, you should see a doctor.

  • If signs of vomiting continue and you show signs of dehydration
  • If you find traces of blood in your vomit.
  • If you have a fever.
  • If vomiting persists after 24 hours of drinking
  • If you vomit greenish-yellow, coffee-looking vomit and have a bloated belly
  • If in a newborn: forceful vomiting. In a boy: if there is swelling, redness or pain in the scrotum


Vomiting is rarely painful but never pleasant. Vomiting, also known scientifically as “emesis” and colloquially as throwing up, retching colloquially as throwing up, retching, heaving, hurling, puking, tossing, or being sick, is the forcible voluntary or involuntary emptying of stomach contents through the mouth or, less often, the nose. 

According to

Not only is vomiting uncomfortable, but it can also lead to dehydration and changes in the body’s electrolytes. Vomiting can be an especially concerning symptom in children and older adults, according to

REFERENCE According to  REFERENCE The causes of vomiting have been highlighted below while trying to control vomiting can be seen with various steps like eating bland food (salt line crackers) also not mixing hot and cold foods, drinking clear or ice cold drinks, avoiding dehydration e.t.c.

This article tells you all you need to know about vomiting and nausea, the causes and medications to use steps to help stop you from vomiting, home remedies and how to stay healthy while exploring when you need to see a doctor.

It further explains to you some illnesses that can result in vomiting in order to ensure you don’t panic.


  1. Nausea & Vomiting. Cleveland Clinic. [accessed 8 Feb 2024] Available from:
  2. Heckroth M, Luckett RT, Moser C, Parajuli D, Abell TL. Nausea and Vomiting in 2021: A Comprehensive Update. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2021 Apr 1;55(4):279–99. [accessed 8 Feb 2024] Available from:
  3. How to stop vomiting: Home remedies. 2017. [accessed 8 Feb 2024] Available from:
  4. 7 Ways to Stop Yourself from Throwing Up. Verywell Mind. [accessed 8 Feb 2024] Available from:
  5. Managing Nausea and Vomiting at Home. [accessed 8 Feb 2024] Available from:

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This content is purely informational and isn’t medical guidance. It shouldn’t replace professional medical counsel. Always consult your physician regarding treatment risks and benefits. See our editorial standards for more details.

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Mary Komolafe

Bachelor of Applied Science - BASc, Biochemistry, Ondo state university

Mary is an undergraduate biochemistry student in her final year with 5 years of exposure to clinical writing sector.
She is a healthcare content writer freelancing alongside being a mental health advocate currently volunteering to various organizations. presents all health information in line with our terms and conditions. It is essential to understand that the medical information available on our platform is not intended to substitute the relationship between a patient and their physician or doctor, as well as any medical guidance they offer. Always consult with a healthcare professional before making any decisions based on the information found on our website.
Klarity is a citizen-centric health data management platform that enables citizens to securely access, control and share their own health data. Klarity Health Library aims to provide clear and evidence-based health and wellness related informative articles. 
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