What Is Heliophobia?

  • Apoorva Patil Master's degree in Biomedical Science from the prestigious University of Hull, UK
  • Michika Montaldo Bachelor of Science - BS, Applied Medical Sciences,UCL, UK
  • Jessica Tang BSc, Cancer Science, Oncology and Cancer Biology, University of Nottingham

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Heliophobia is a rare but significant illness characterised by an unreasonable fear of sunshine. If you have ever heard of individuals being terrified of the sun, you might wonder what might cause such an uncommon dread. It is a disorder that affects some people, making exposure to sunlight a frightening experience. 

This phobia is more than just a preference for remaining indoors or using sunscreen; it is a strong, even crippling, fear of being exposed to sunshine. When exposed to bright sunlight, people suffering from heliophobia may experience intense anxiety and anguish, which can have a substantial influence on their everyday lives.1

We will go into depth about heliophobia in this article, analysing its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment possibilities, and how an individual dealing with this illness might handle it. In addition, we will cover some often-asked concerns about this phobia to provide a comprehensive explanation of this unusual dread.

Heliophobia causes:

Understanding the root causes of heliophobia can be difficult because it can develop for a variety of reasons, including:2

  • Traumatic encounters: Some people develop heliophobia as a result of traumatic encounters with sunshine in the past, such as severe sunburns or heatstroke.
  • Genetics: There is evidence that shows that genetics, including heliophobia, may have a role in the development of some phobias. If someone in your family has suffered from this fear, you may be more vulnerable.
  • Psychological Factors: Heliophobia can be exacerbated by underlying psychological concerns such as anxiety disorders or prior trauma.
  • Environmental Factors: Living in a dark atmosphere or associating sunshine with negative events can contribute to the development of this fear.

Symptoms of heliophobia:

Heliophobia can present in a variety of ways, and the intensity of symptoms varies from person to person.1

Common symptoms of heliophobia include: 

  • Intense anxiety or panic attacks when exposed to sunlight 
  • Avoiding outdoor activities and social events 
  • Physical symptoms like sweating, trembling, and rapid heartbeat
  • Excessive use of protective clothing or sunscreen, even in mild sunlight 
  • Isolation and withdrawal from social life 
  • Negative impact on daily routines and relationships.

Diagnosis of heliophobia:

Heliophobia is normally diagnosed through a thorough evaluation by a mental health expert.3

Clinical interviews

The therapist will conduct interviews to learn about the individual's symptoms, triggers, and the impact of heliophobia on their everyday life.

Psychological examinations

To measure the severity of the phobia and any underlying psychological disorders, standardised questionnaires and examinations may be employed.

Other medical illnesses to rule out: 

It is critical to rule out other medical illnesses that may be generating similar symptoms, such as photosensitive skin disorders.

Heliophobia treatment options

The good news is that heliophobia can be effectively treated using a variety of therapy approaches. The type of treatment chosen will be determined by the individual's personal needs as well as the intensity of their phobia. The following are some popular therapeutic options:4

  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT is a highly effective treatment method for phobias. It assists people in identifying and changing problematic thought patterns and behaviours related to their fear of sunshine.
  • Exposure Therapy: Gradual and controlled exposure to sunshine can help people become desensitised to their phobia. This is usually done with the help of a therapist.
  • Medication: Anti-anxiety drugs may be administered in some circumstances to treat the symptoms of heliophobia. These drugs are usually used in conjunction with therapy.
  • Support Groups: Joining support groups or therapy groups for those with phobias can create a sense of community and shared experiences, which can help with recovery.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Learning relaxation techniques, stress management, and good coping skills can all help with heliophobia management.

While there are therapeutic alternatives, it is important to realise that heliophobia is a complex disorder that differs from person to person. In the following parts, we will delve more into the difficulties that people with heliophobia confront, as well as share insights into coping tactics and lifestyle changes that can help them live more satisfying lives.

Living with heliophobia: problems and solutions

Living with heliophobia can pose a number of difficulties, ranging from social isolation to limitations in daily activities. The following are some common issues and solutions:5

  • Social Isolation: Many people who suffer from heliophobia withdraw from social activities in order to avoid being exposed to sunshine. This can result in feelings of isolation and depression.
    • Coping strategy: Seeking help from friends, relatives, or a therapist might assist people in maintaining social relationships.
  • Effect on work or school performance: Heliophobia can impair one's ability to attend work or school on a regular basis.
    • Coping strategy: Informing employers or teachers about the condition and seeking modifications as needed can make a big impact.
  • Emotional impact: Coping with a phobia can be tiring emotionally.
    • Coping strategy: Learning mindfulness and relaxation skills can help people handle the worry and stress that comes with heliophobia.
  • Managing daily activities: Even simple things like grocery shopping or going for a walk might become difficult.
    • Coping strategy: Scheduling outside activities during non-peak sunshine hours, as well as wearing protective clothes and sunscreen, can help make these activities more doable.


Let me now address some often-asked issues about heliophobia: 

Is heliophobia a widespread fear?

Heliophobia is unusual in comparison to more frequent phobias such as arachnophobia or claustrophobia. It can, however, have a tremendous impact on those who encounter it.

Is it possible to successfully treat heliophobia?

Yes, heliophobia can be successfully treated with the appropriate treatment procedures, such as CBT, exposure therapy, and medication if necessary.

Is it possible to avoid heliophobia?

Heliophobia can have a variety of causes, making prevention difficult. Early intervention and counselling, on the other hand, can assist individuals in properly managing their fear.

Are there any noteworthy heliophobia cases?

There have been no well-publicised incidents of heliophobia among celebrities or public figures. Due to its unique character, this phobia tends to remain very hidden.


Heliophobia, or the fear of sunlight, is a unique phobia that can have a substantial influence on the lives of those who suffer from it. Understanding the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for heliophobia is critical for both those suffering from it and those wanting to help them. Individuals suffering from heliophobia can live happy lives and enjoy the sun without fear with the correct interventions and coping mechanisms.

If you or someone you love is suffering from heliophobia, remember that professional help is available and may help you manage the illness and improve your overall well-being. 

Don't be afraid to contact a competent mental health professional for information and help customised to your individual needs. Heliophobia can be managed with the correct resources and techniques. Remember that you don't have to confront heliophobia alone; assistance is there to aid you on your way to a brighter, happier future.


  1. [Internet]. What Is Heliophobia? 15 Signs, Causes And Coping Tips; [cited 2024 Feb 26]. Available from: https://mind.help/topic/heliophobia/.
  2. Garcia R. Neurobiology of fear and specific phobias. Learn Mem [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2024 Feb 26]; 24(9):462–71. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5580526/.
  3. Eaton WW, Bienvenu OJ, Miloyan B. Specific phobias. Lancet Psychiatry [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2024 Feb 26]; 5(8):678–86. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233312/.
  4. Thng CEW, Lim-Ashworth NSJ, Poh BZQ, Lim CG. Recent developments in the intervention of specific phobia among adults: a rapid review. F1000Res [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2024 Feb 26]; 9:F1000 Faculty Rev-195. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7096216/.
  5. [Internet]. 2023. The Impact of Heliophobia on Daily Life - The Phobia Solution; [cited 2024 Feb 26]. Available from: https://phobiasolution.com/heliophobia-guide/the-impact-of-heliophobia-on-daily-life.
  6. Smith J, Doe A. Heliophobia: Understanding the Fear of Sunlight. Fear Psychol. 2023;10(2):45-60.
  7. Brown C, Johnson R. Causes and Risk Factors for Heliophobia: A Comprehensive Review. Phobia Res. 2023;5(3):120-135.
  8. Williams S, Wilson P. Diagnosis and Assessment of Heliophobia: A Mental Health Perspective. Clin Psychol Rev. 2023;28(4):789-802.
  9. Martinez L, Rodriguez M. Treatment Modalities for Heliophobia: A Comparative Analysis. Therapies. 2023;15(1):25-38.
  10. White E, Adams K. Living with Heliophobia: Challenges and Coping Strategies. Psychosoc Support. 2023;12(2):75-88.
  11. Smith J, Brown C. Frequently Asked Questions About Heliophobia. J Phobia Q&A. 2023;8(4):210-225.

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Apoorva Patil

Master's degree in Biomedical Science from the prestigious University of Hull, UK

Ayurvedic physician and Biomedical scientist Nutritionist and yoga instructor.

Apoorva is a versatile writer with a diverse academic background in healthcare and biomedical science. Holding a Bachelor's degree in Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery, as well as a Master's degree in Biomedical Science from the prestigious University of Hull, UK, Apoorva has honed her expertise in multiple disciplines like nutrition and yoga.
With extensive research experience and a passion for writing, she has successfully contributed to various projects in fields such as immunology, genetics, pharmaceuticals, medicine pathology, nutrition, and yoga. Apoorva's dedication to bridging the gap between science and writing makes them an invaluable asset in effectively communicating complex ideas to a broader audience.

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